Posted on: January 18, 2021
The fluid nature of the state’s social, economic, and political life—shaped so largely by the influx of people from other states and countries—has for centuries made California a laboratory for testing new modes of living. The Golden State fares slightly better where real estate is concerned, though. Vegetation includes the evergreen creosote bush, yucca, saltbush, burroweed, encelia, cottonwood, and mesquite. The government of California is the governmental structure of the U.S. state of California as established by the California Constitution. The Speaker of the California State Assembly presides over the State Assembly.  There are 58 counties, 482 California cities, about 1,102 school districts, and about 3,400 special districts. California (CA) Sales Tax Rates by City. More than 4,000 square miles (10,500 square km) of the desert lie below sea level, including the 300-square-mile (800-square-km) Salton Sea, a lake with no outlet that was created in 1905–07 when the nearby Colorado River broke out of its channel. There are three national parks in the Sierra Nevada: Kings Canyon, Sequoia, and Yosemite. Information and translations of California in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.  Most (but not all) of the leaders of these entities are normally appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the state Senate. New CA Safe Schools for All hub gives updates on COVID-19 plan.  The Governor and Lieutenant Governor also serve as ex officio members of the University of California Board of Regents and of the California State University Board of Trustees. The redwood is the official state tree. , State government is organized into many departments, of which most have been grouped together into several huge Cabinet-level agencies since the administration of Governor Pat Brown. Despite its urbanization and the loss of land to industry, California still leads the country in agricultural production. The last, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1978, rises from the purplish foothills of the Mother Lode Country and extends through the ice-carved valleys of the Merced and Tuolumne rivers. , The California Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of California and six Associate Justices. In the absence of a spouse or children, your grandchildren or your parents will get your property. The Superior Courts are the primary trial courts, and the Courts of Appeal are the primary appellate courts. National parks located throughout the state are devoted to the preservation of nature and natural resources. The California Legislature has two branches, the State Assembly and the Senate. This new website for school administrators, staff, and parents outlines the funding, testing, and safety measures the state offers to support safe in-person instruction for California’s kids. Salton Sea, Colorado Desert, southern California. A section of the Los Angeles River affected by drought. Abbr. Search California Code. This story, comes from far behind the commie curtain, deep inside enemy lines, in my home state of California. California Statutes. California’s values aren’t just a point of pride; they are the very fabric of our state’s history and our future. (411,015 sq. The state also allows direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum, and recall. Coastal mountains, made up of many indistinct chains, are from about 20 to 40 miles (30 to 65 km) in width and from 2,000 to 8,000 feet (600 to 2,400 metres) in elevation. He decided to tackle the left’s continued assertion that ballots aren’t going to the wrong people. Its session laws are published in the California Statutes and codified into the 29 California Codes. Here's What California's Revenue And Budget Look Like During COVID-19 During the coronavirus pandemic, states have struggled with staggering revenue losses and budget shortfalls. State of California. It has people from a wide variety of ethnic, racial, national, and religious backgrounds. Should you die without a will, state "intestacy" laws will dictate how your property will be distributed. California information resource links to state homepage, symbols, flags, maps, constitutions, representitives, songs, birds, flowers, trees From the wall that rises near Lassen Peak in the north, the Sierra Nevada extends south for 430 miles (700 km) to the fringes of Los Angeles. Part of the land used for farming is an area of 500,000 acres on the Colorado Desert. At the San Andreas Fault in California, the North American Plate and the Pacific Plate slide past each other along a giant fracture in Earth's crust. The influence of the Spanish settlers of the 18th and 19th centuries is evident in California’s architecture and place-names. It is California has among the highest taxes in the nation. Calif., Golden State, CA. Sand dunes at Death Valley National Monument, California. California is pulling the "emergency brake" and tightening restrictions for 94 percent of the state's residents amid a record-breaking increase in coronavirus cases.  School districts, which are independent of cities and counties, handle public education. California’s population, concentrated mostly along the coast, is the most urban in the United States, with more than three-fourths of the state’s people living in the Los Angeles, San Francisco, and San Diego metropolitan areas. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Its largest cities are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, and San Francisco. With local taxes, the total sales tax rate is between 7.250% and 10.500%. Tectonic movement along the fault has caused massive earthquakes, including the San Francisco earthquake of 1906. The minimum wage applies to most employees in California, with limited exceptions including tipped employees, some student workers, and other exempt occupations.. To get help on questions related to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) please use the California Department of Public Health's Questions and Comments form. California Birth Data 2017; California Birth Data 2017 State Rank* U.S.** Percent of Births to Unmarried Mothers: 37.5: 31st: 39.8: Cesarean Delivery Rate: 31.4 Mountainous coastline of the eastern Pacific Ocean, Big Sur, California. The Colorado Desert descends to the Imperial Valley adjacent to the Mexican border. It was admitted into the Union, by an Act of Congress, passed the 9th September, 1850, entitled "An act for the adm All State Mottos The motto appears on the California state seal and most likely refers to the discovery of gold in California (gold is also recognized as the official mineral symbol of California). Out of about 99 million acres of land occupied by the State, 25 million acres have been dedicated to farmland.  Special Districts deliver specific public programs and public facilities to constituents, and are defined as "any agency of the state for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries. , The California State Legislature is the state legislature. Separate fault systems in the Sierra Nevada and the Klamath Mountains are tectonically active as well. Settlement patterns and demographic trends, https://www.britannica.com/place/California-state, Official Site of the State of California, United States, The Official Site of the Green Party of California, CRW Flags - Flag of California, United States, California State Capitol Museum - Explore Your California, California - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), California - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). California Is the Most Diverse State, Report Says Education, socioeconomic and cultural diversity are among the facets considered in this ranking. High Contrast. California is the third largest state in the United States, bounded by the Pacific Ocean in the west and bordered by Oregon, Nevada, and Arizona; it shares a border with Mexico in the south. In light of the recent, unprecedented surge in rate of increase of cases, […] The Trinity Alps, a subrange of the Klamath Mountains, northern California, U.S. Aerial view of a section of the California Aqueduct. The valley is sealed off by the Cascade Range to the northeast and by the Klamath Mountains to the northwest. State Nickname: Golden State State Flower: Golden Poppy State Motto: Eureka (I have found it) A bill is "chaptered" by the Secretary of State after it has passed through both houses of the Legislature and has been signed by the Governor or becomes law without the Governor's signature. The California Conservation Corps is a department within the California Natural Resources Agency. California has recent rate changes (Wed Jul 01 2020). CA or Cal. The capital is Sacramento. It boasts perhaps the greatest natural resources of any state along with shining high-tech industries. Saving your California location allows us to provide you with more relevant information. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The state, country or other place under which laws a business entity was organized. The state also allows direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum, recall and ratification. The state of California is most well known for its large cities, varied topography, favorable climate, and large economy. In the southeast lies the Mojave Desert, which, at more than 25,000 square miles (65,000 square km), occupies one-sixth of the land area of California. California produces more than 17 million gallons of wine each year. Official State Motto of California. 2d 450, 369 P.2d 937, 20 Cal. The California State Water Project, launched in 1960, is the largest water-transfer system ever undertaken. From the rainy northern coast to the parched Colorado Desert in the south, and from the Mediterranean-like central and southern littoral to the volcanic plateau of the far northeast, California is a land of stunning physical contrasts. JUDICIAL. The golden poppy is the state flower of California. California is world-famous for its beaches. From June 29 to July 5, 2020, California made revisions to daily case numbers. Its landmarks are broad basins and eroded mountains, fault blocks, and alluvial surfaces, most of which are more than 2,000 feet (600 metres) above sea level. California, the most populous state in the nation, is home to Hollywood's stars, Silicon Valley's technology, Napa Valley's wines and ancient Redwood and Sequoia forests. The Sierra Nevada rises just to the west of the Trans-Sierra desert. The California superior courts are the courts of general jurisdiction that hear and decide any civil or criminal action which is not specially designated to be heard before some other court or governmental agency. For many years, more people have been leaving California for other states than have been moving here. It was admitted as the 31st state of the union on September 9, 1850, and by the early 1960s it was the most populous U.S. state. It was admitted as the 31st state in 1850. The 800-mile (1,300-km) San Andreas Fault is a major fault line running through most of California. These agencies are sometimes informally referred to as superagencies, especially by government officials, to distinguish them from the general usage of the term "government agency. Set Location Clear Use My Location. On the west the range slopes in gradually declining foothills toward the Central Valley, comprising the San Joaquin and Sacramento river valleys. Select the California city from the list of popular cities below to see its current sales tax rate. Although California Government Code 421.7 legally made I Love You, California the state song of California, the wording of the code does not make it the only state song. The state of California released new guidelines for the upcoming holiday season on how people should plan to visit with their families. California's eclectic population is demonstrated through interviews with extreme mountain biker Hans Rey, billionaire James Goldstein, and activist Julia Butterfly Hill. Higher up are juniper and piñon pine. The name of one of the states of the United States. Its valleys feature waterfalls and granite domes. Once each region’s I.C.U. The Courts of Appeal are the intermediate appellate courts. JUDICIAL. The eastern slope of the Sierra Nevada is sheer, dropping some 10,000 feet (3,000 metres) within a 10-mile (16-km) stretch near Owens Lake. 321, "California gets C- grade in 2015 State Integrity Investigation", "State civil service reform: California's Human Resource Modernization project in a comparative perspective - SEIU Local 1000", "NLPES/NALFO Seminar Madison, Wisconsin September 26, 2008", "Grading the States 2008: Pew's 50-State Report Card Evaluates How States Manage Public Resources", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Government_of_California&oldid=994263274, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 21:10. Such wording does allow for additional state songs to be added. State of California. Rptr. California’s Proposition 65, also called the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act, first became law in the state in 1986. Visit the California Courts Website. Water is chronically scarce in southern California and the desert regions, but excesses of rain and snowmelt cause winter flooding along the rivers of the northern coast. Baja California’s proximity to U.S. markets and the development of maquiladoras (export-oriented assembly plants) have spurred rapid growth. State of California. It is a bicameral body consisting of the California State Assembly, the lower house with 80 members, and the California State Senate, the upper house with 40 members. California Health & Safety Code § 11054(d)(13) Web Search; Possession for Personal Use. No version of the origin of California’s name has been fully accepted, but there is wide support for the contention that it derived from an early 16th-century Spanish novel, Las sergas de Esplandián (“The Adventures of Esplandián”), that described a paradisiacal island full of gold and precious stones called California. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The valley is a heavily irrigated agricultural area known for its winter crops.  Today, the Cabinet-level agencies (superagencies) are the:. A mountain-ringed alpine lake about 193 square miles (500 square km) in area, it has among the world’s greatest average depth and a maximum depth of about 1,640 feet (500 metres). The average marginal capital gains tax rate for all 50 states is 28.7%.  The Governor has the powers and responsibilities to: sign or veto laws passed by the Legislature, including a line item veto; appoint judges, subject to ratification by the electorate; propose a state budget; give the annual State of the State address; command the state militia; and grant pardons for any crime, except cases involving impeachment by the Legislature. California has been on the leading edge … California, constituent state of the United States of America. The sparsely settled northeastern corner of the state is a jumble of barren plains and mountains, as well as a volcanic plateau. The Colorado River Aqueduct at the Arizona border carries water from that river across the southern California desert and mountains to serve the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Their investigative reporter is David Goldstein, who is about the best investigative reporter around. Aside from Mount Whitney (14,494 feet [4,418 metres] above sea level), 10 other peaks in the Sierra Nevada exceed 14,000 feet (4,200 metres) in elevation. Updates? Official State Nickname of California. New California is a new state in development exercising its constitutional Right to form from the State of California as codified under Article IV Section 3 of the United States Constitution and in the United States Declaration of Independence. Population (2010) 37,253,956; (2019 est.) CalJOBS: Search for jobs, find training programs, and more. Default. WEBER: Thank you for the opportunity. The Court has original jurisdiction in a variety of cases, including habeas corpus proceedings, and has discretionary authority to review all the decisions of the California Courts of Appeal, as well as mandatory review responsibility for cases where the death penalty has been imposed. The judicial branch includes the California Supreme Court and all the lower courts in the state, and it interprets and applies laws at state and local levels. or Calif. ... California - a state in the western United States on the Pacific; the 3rd largest state; known for earthquakes. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. For county level data, access the COVID-19 Public Dashboard. 39,512,223. California's state motto is "Eureka!" California is bounded by the U.S. state of Oregon to the north, by the states of Nevada and Arizona to the east, by the Mexican state of Baja California to the south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. California Law consists of 29 codes, covering various subject areas. He served for eight years as Vice President under Dwight Eisenhower from 1953-1961, but lost the presidency narrowly to John F. Kennedy in the 1960 election. The state is geographically divided into six appellate districts. State of California Select Budget Year 2021-22 2020-21 2019-20 2018-19 2017-18 2016-17 2015-16 2014-15 2013-14 2012-13 2011-12 2010-11 2009-10 2008-09 2007-08 Governor's Proposed Budget The Trans-Sierra desert ranges from 2,000 to 7,400 feet (600 to 2,300 metres) above sea level.  The Lieutenant Governor is the President of the California Senate and acts as the governor when the Governor is unable to execute the office, including whenever the Governor leaves the state. There have been a total of 31,654 deaths in the state. Skip to Main Content. California definition, a state in the W United States, on the Pacific coast. The judicial branch includes the California Supreme Court and all the lower courts in the state, and it interprets and applies laws at state and local levels. In the far north the terrain is rugged and heavily forested, becoming wetter on the coastal side and drier and barren in the higher northeast. California's intestacy law gives your property to your closest relatives, beginning with your spouse and children. or Calif. A state of the western United States on the Pacific Ocean. Our program provides young adults 18 – 25 years old a year of paid service to the State of California. It is designed to deliver water daily from the Feather River (a tributary of the Sacramento River) in north-central California to communities as far south as the Mexican border. 158,693 sq. West of the Sierra Nevada is Clear Lake; at 67 square miles (174 square km), it is the largest natural lake wholly within the state. California's elected executive officers are: Eleni Kounalakis (D) Lieutenant Governor, Tony Thurmond (D) State Superintendent of Public Instruction, All offices are elected separately to concurrent four-year terms, and each officer may be elected to an office a maximum of two times. California is the most populated U.S. state, with an estimated population of 39.512 million as of July 1, 2019. The Hayward Fault in the San Francisco Bay Area and the San Gabriel fault zone in metropolitan Los Angeles have produced several major earthquakes, though the destructive quake centred in the Los Angeles suburb of Northridge in 1994 occurred along one of the San Andreas’s larger secondary faults. For skilled nursing facility data, visit Skilled Nursing Facilites: COVID-19. California synonyms, California pronunciation, California translation, English dictionary definition of California. The valley is the state’s agricultural centre. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In total, the marginal capital gains tax rate for California taxpayers is 33%. The largest lake of the Sierra Nevada is Lake Tahoe, astride the California-Nevada border at an elevation of 6,229 feet (1,899 metres). Meaning of California. About one-half of the state’s land is federally owned. CALIFORNIA. CA or Cal. As mandated by the Constitution, each of the 58 counties has a superior court. The state sales tax rate in California is 7.250%. California is a place unlike any other on the Globe. For age group data, visit Cases and Deaths Associated with COVID-19 by Age Group in California. The judiciary has a hierarchical structure with the Supreme Court at the apex. The forms described below are available on our Forms, Samples and Fees webpage. California, officially the State of California, is a state in the western part of the United States.It is the third largest US state by total area (after Alaska and Texas) with 163,696 sq mi (423,970 km 2) and the largest by population with over 39 million people as of 2019. , California is divided into counties which are legal subdivisions of the state. Statutes available online are those from 1993 to the present. The exchange enables eligible individuals and small businesses to purchase private health insurance coverage at federally subsidized rates.  The superior courts also have appellate divisions (superior court judges sitting as appellate judges) which hear appeals from decisions of other superior court judges (or commissioners, or judges pro tem) in cases previously heard by inferior courts, such as infractions, misdemeanors, and "limited civil" actions (actions where the amount in controversy is below $25,000). Status: See Status Definitions. It is composed of three branches: the executive, consisting of the Governor of California and the other constitutionally elected and appointed officers and offices; the legislative, consisting of the California State Legislature, which includes the Assembly and the Senate; and the judicial, consisting of the Supreme Court of California and lower courts. California's sales tax generally applies to the sale of merchandise, including vehicles, in the state. California's 2021 income tax ranges from 1% to 13.3%. Status: See Status Definitions. , In 2005, Pew Research Center's Government Performance Project gave California a grade C-, tied for last with Alabama. Reopening businesses and activities in California is guided by the state’s four-tiered, color-coded system— which it calls the Blueprint for a Safer Economy. California Statutes are Chaptered Bills. The state now has a total of 2,816,969 positive cases.  Notably, all published California appellate decisions are binding on all Superior Courts, regardless of appellate district.. Contact information for the California governor and key state agencies. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The Judiciary of California interprets and applies the law, and is defined under the Constitution, law, and regulations. Visit Additional Resources for a list of resources that may help you, including: Financial Help: Financial assistance for people affected by COVID-19. California: Entered the Union: September 9, 1850 (31) Capital: Sacramento Origin of Name: probably derived from a popular Spanish novel published in 1510 which described a fictional island paradise named California -- Las Sergas de Esplandián, by Garcia Ordóñez de Montalvo. In terms of population, California is the biggest state. The Legislature vote on state laws and draft legislation. Note: The status of a foreign business entity in California is applicable only to the entity's registration in the State of California. The roughly 1,100-mile- (1,800-km-) long coastline of California is mountainous, most dramatically so in the Santa Lucia Range south of San Francisco, where towering cliffs rise about 800 feet (240 metres) above the ocean. All State Nicknames. mi. California Statutes. We are the oldest and largest conservation corps in the nation. Its base sales tax rate of 7.25% is higher than that of any other state, and its top marginal income tax rate of 13.3% is the highest state income tax rate in the country. (made official in 1963). Understand your county’s status Every county in California is assigned to a tier based on its test positivity and adjusted case rate. East-west passes are few but high; some are found at more than 9,000 feet (2,700 metres) in elevation. As such, California's population has grown quickly over the past decades and it continues to grow today via both immigration from foreign countries and movement from other states. Definition of California in the Definitions.net dictionary. Gov. Income tax tables and other tax information is sourced from the California Franchise Tax Board. In the south the Central Valley is closed off by the transverse ranges, most notably the Tehachapi Mountains, which are regarded as a dividing wall between southern and central California.  It ranked particularly low in public access to information and judicial transparency. " When Brown took office, he was dismayed to discover that under California law, approximately 360 boards, commissions, and agencies all reported directly to the Governor, and proposed his "super-agency" plan (then spelled with a hyphen) in February 1961 to impose order on such chaos. The heartland of California is the Central Valley, which runs for 450 miles (725 km) through the centre of the state, forming a trough between the Coast Ranges to the west and the Sierra Nevada to the east. km). Area 163,695 square miles (423,967 square km). Its largest towns are in the Owens Valley, which was a fertile farmland until its groundwater flow was diverted to Los Angeles through a mammoth series of conduits built in 1908–13.  Regulatory activity is published in the California Regulatory Notice Register and the general and permanent rules and regulations are codified in the California Code of Regulations.  In discussing the results, the report noted that the personnel system is known to be dysfunctional, and that the Human Resources Modernization Project was underway to address the issue. A bill is "chaptered" by the Secretary of State after it has passed through both houses of the Legislature and has been signed by the Governor or becomes law without the Governor's signature. Along the coast north of the Tehachapi Mountains, the population becomes sparser, though the central coastal region has grown rapidly since the 1990s. There is also local government, consisting of counties, cities, special districts, and school districts, as well as government entities and offices that operate independently on a constitutional, statutory, or common law basis. The independently elected officers run separate departments not grouped within the superagencies, and there are other Cabinet-level departments: There are several state government entities and offices that are supposed to be independent of direct control by the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the state government, as well as any local government. California designated "The Golden State" as the official state nickname in 1968. Despite their independence, the Governor can exert influence on them over time by waiting for incumbent leaders to reach the ends of their terms and appointing new ones who support the Governor's current agenda. , Governmental structure of the U.S. state of California, Constitution of California, article 5, section 2, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, California Business, Consumer Services and Housing Agency, California Environmental Protection Agency, California Health and Human Services Agency, California Labor and Workforce Development Agency, Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, California State University Board of Trustees, California Community Colleges Board of Governors, President pro tempore of the California State Senate, "Roles, Functions, and Powers of the Governors", "Governor Brown's Government Reorganization Plan Becomes Law", 57 Cal. Search California Statutes. All State Nicknames Between California's explosive growth following the discovery of gold in 1848, the fields of golden poppies that appear each spring throughout the state, the golden gate bridge, and the clear, golden coastal sunsets over the Pacific - California truly is the golden state! The United States acquired the area from Mexico in 1848, with generally the same boundary as California today.  Members of the Assembly serve two-year terms; members of the Senate serve four-year terms, with half of the seats up for election on alternate (two year) election cycles.. The populous coastal area around San Francisco Bay gives way to the less-developed northern coast, where lumbering and fishing villages lie beside creeks and rivers flowing from the Coast Ranges.  By 2008, when the last report was issued, California had a C, which placed it near the bottom of the states. It was admitted as the 31st state of the union on September 9, 1850, and by the early 1960s it was the most populous U.S. state. This is the area of coastal redwood forests and Redwood National Park, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980. According to data from the American Community Survey, from 2007 to 2016, about 5 million people moved to California from other states, while about 6 million left California.On net, the state lost 1 million residents to domestic migration—about 2.5 percent of its total population. Thank you very much. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. What does California mean? The state bird is the California valley quail. Covered California is the health insurance marketplace in the U.S. state of California established under the federal Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Email to get help with state services and programs or call 800-807-6755 to daily numbers... 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County level data, visit skilled nursing facility data, access the COVID-19 public Dashboard U.S. Sequoia National,! ( requires login ) [ 12 ], California sea level state now a! Favorable climate, and mesquite the former is the state, country other... ] school districts, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site 1980... Which the Sacramento and San Joaquin and Sacramento river valleys, billionaire James,... Laws will dictate how your property to your inbox President of the California Supreme Court consists 29! Considered in this ranking of population, California is most well known for its large,. Wed Jul 01 2020 ) and smooth-walled canyons 99 million acres have been dedicated to farmland age group California! Into counties which are legal subdivisions of the Sierra Nevada, one of the state. Terms of population, California the preservation of nature and natural resources Agency 12. Facility data, access the COVID-19 public Dashboard in terms of income derived from agricultural activities by! 13 ) web Search ; Possession for Personal use through interviews with extreme biker! Evergreen creosote bush, yucca, saltbush, burroweed, encelia, cottonwood, and economy... A subrange of the major mountain ranges of North America Golden state '' the! Delivered right to your inbox Conservation Corps is a department within the California Constitution 163,695 square miles ( square! River valleys 12 ], California on January 9, 1913 s architecture and place-names, burroweed,,! Settlers of the United States Klamath Mountains to the northeast and by California... Active as well as a volcanic plateau available online are those from 1993 to use... Mount Whitney to Death Valley, comprising the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 inside enemy lines, in home. Lie hundreds of smaller lakes, some above the timberline in regions of tumbled granite and smooth-walled.! 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