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how does luke know what mary said

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At first glance, Mary’s question seems odd coming from someone who is soon to be married and no doubt expecting to have children. However, this argument does not carry any weight. And these words, recorder thousands of years ago, continue to have important lessons for modern readers.  Young’s Concordance shows the Greek word used in Mary’s question is ginosko – to know. Jesus, Zechariah, Elizabeth, John the Baptist, Mary, the disciples, Herod the Great, Pilate and Mary Magdalene. They were both anxious. I have no husband.’ i, Mary said to the angel, “I am a virgin. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of … Christian beliefs about Mary are based on the Bible.The Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke say that Mary was a young woman who was engaged to be married to a man called Joseph.The Gospel of Luke says that the angel Gabriel came to Mary to tell her that she would give birth to a son. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. Mary was not challenging what Gabriel had just told her, rather she was seeking further information. For I am an old man. Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular. 30 But the angel said to her, 'Do … 34 Then Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I do not know a man?”. One of the most esteemed of their theologians of recent centuries, Cardinal Newman, wrote: “Though all Jewish women in each successive age had been hoping to be the Mother of the Christ, so that marriage was honourable among them, childlessness a reproach, Mary alone had put aside the desire and the thought of so great a dignity; she who was to bear the Christ gave no welcome to the great announcement that she was to bear him, and why did she act thus towards it? These renderings could more accurately be called “interpretations”, rather than “translations”, of the original words. Mary's Magnificat, recorded only in Luke's Gospel, is one of four hymns, distilled from a collection of early Jewish-Christian canticles, which complement the promise-fulfillment theme of Luke's infancy narrative.These songs are Mary's Magnificat; Zechariah's Benedictus (1:67–79); the angels' Gloria in Excelsis Deo (2:13–14); and Simeon's Nunc dimittis (2:28–32). Mary traveled to the house of Elizabeth and Zechariah in the hill country of Judea (Luke 1:39). The first announcement was to Zacharias, a priest of the division of Abijah. 1. Luke names three women: Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Susanna, along with some unnamed women (8:2-3). From now on all generations will call me blessed, for the Mighty One … 26 And in the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from God into a city of Galilee, called Nazareth,27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary.28 And the angel being come in, said unto her: Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. 1, pp. Each time it is used in the sense of “learning” or “knowing” about something. Furthermore, Mary is in the genealogy in Matthew 1:16, between Joseph (her father) and Jesus (her son). Then said Mary to the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? Her question could quite reasonably be put like this: How can this be, since I do not know a man who has the credentials to be father of the son you have just told me about? How did the gospel writers know what Jesus was praying at Gethsemane if Jesus was a stone’s throw away from them and they were sleeping (Luke 22:41)? This assurance was to do with the son she would bear, not the manner of his conception. – Luke 2:19 Mary must have stored up many memories of her remarkable son Jesus. According to Luke 1:26-35, the angel Gabriel announced that Jesus would be called (v, 32) “the Son of the Most High.” (Luke 2:23). And now you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you will name him Jesus”.’ Read Luke 1-26-38. 1  For further discussion on this matter, see, Appendix 1:  How Bibles translate Mary's question, Appendix 2:  The Roman Catholic explanation of Mary's question, The churches claim that Gabriel’s reply to Mary’s question describes a virginal conception. You are one up on me. 29 Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. luke 2:49,50 why didn't joseph and mary understand what jesus said ? When approaching the question of how old Mary was when she gave birth to Jesus, it's important to recognize and to refrain from imposing on antiquity the norms of the 21st century. (Luke 1:39-56, NIV) Mary has just been visited by the angel Gabriel and told that she will bear a son, Jesus, who will "be great and will be called the Son of the Most High," and heir to the ancient throne of David. Mary reveals something here very significant about praising and worshipping God. In context, however, the Bible does give us a good idea of how old Mary was when she had Jesus, as follows. But what do the critics say about Mary's eyewitness testimony? Elsewhere in the New Testament it is recorded that the Holy Spirit came “upon” the apostles and others. I am a virgin.” vi. Mary too only had normal conception in mind when she responded with a straightforward question. Luke records the angel Gabriel visiting Mary and telling her that she would give birth to a son who would be the Savior. We know the angel Gabriel visited Mary to bring her the news of God’s plan. Just as God had overseen what had happened to Elizabeth, so too God would ensure what had been told to Mary would come to pass. In Luke 1:46-55, we find a passage of Scripture known as the Magnificat, or Mary's Song. It is only in the context of Mary being betrothed to Joseph, but knowing that he could not father the child spoken of, that her question makes sense. A spirit that rejoices in God leads to a soul that … Elder Bruce R. McConkie (1915–85) of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles says that Luke probably got his information about Jesus’s birth from Mary herself. Also, as was common, Mary had a … Mary's Magnificat, recorded only in Luke's Gospel, is one of four hymns, distilled from a collection of early Jewish-Christian canticles, which complement the promise-fulfillment theme of Luke's infancy narrative.These songs are Mary's Magnificat; Zechariah's Benedictus (1:67–79); the angels' Gloria in Excelsis Deo (2:13–14); and Simeon's Nunc dimittis (2:28–32). The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist. In response to the announcements, each asked the angel an apparently similar question. "And Mary said unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?." Context. Mary, the mother spoke, but she specifically included Joseph, his father. 2. This prediction was not fulfilled by Jesus’ birth, but some thirty years later by Nathanael when he called Jesus the Son of God. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, NT Gospels: Luke 1:34 Mary said to the angel How can (Luke Lu Lk). (Numbers 11:17-29, Judges 3:10, 6:34, 11:29, 14:6, 15:14, 1Samuel 10:10, 2Chronicles 15:1, 20:14, 24:20, etc.) He and his wife Elizabeth were well advanced in years and childless. In the case of Mary, she had just been told that her son would be given the throne of his father David. Mary was asking how this could come about since Joseph could not father such a child as the angel had described. For the Jews, children were a blessing of God and to be childless a reproach. And the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.” (Luke 1:27–33) And Mary did not say, “How shall I know this?” God has told her it will be. The New Testament points to a future fulfilment. Do not be afraid for you have found favour with God. At the time of his death, Jesus entrusted his mother to the apostle John. Key Verses Luke 9:23-25 Then he said to them all: "If anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me. 2 “But not during the festival,” they said, “or the people may riot.�3 While he was in Bethany, reclining at the table in the home of Simon the Leper, a woman came … In fact, Mary said that her spirit rejoiced in God her Savior. 37  For with God nothing will be impossible.”. Quotations are from the New King James Version, unless otherwise stated. In the Bible, the Annunciation is narrated in Luke 1:26-38: . The Lord has blessed you and is with you.” But Mary was very startled by what the angel said and … The Roman Catholic position on Mary’s question is based on the assumption that Mary was referring to her carnal state and intentions in this regard when she said, “I do not know a man”. 2  Luke 3:23 names the father of Jesus, who was a descendant of David, and from a line eligible to sit upon the throne of David. She was betrothed to Joseph, who was of the House of David. At separate times, John, Elizabeth and Zacharias were all “filled with” the Holy Spirit, (Luke 1:15, 41, 67)  while the Holy Spirit was “upon” Mary, Simeon and Jesus. Both deal with the sensitive matter that Joseph was not the father of Jesus. Matthew states the situation frankly in his opening chapter. I’ve never slept with a man?” v, Mary asked the angel, “But how can I have a baby? Two common titles for Mary derive from Elizabeth's prophetic insights: " Blessed Virgin Mary " is a title commonly used by Catholic Christians. The, the definite article. Even so, the angel’s reply to Mary would not have conveyed the idea of a virginal conception to her, or to the Hebrew people of the Bible. The angel spoke to Mary about a normal conception and a normal child. Judges 13:8-12 Then Manoah intreated the LORD, and said, O my Lord, let the man of God which thou didst send come again unto us, and teach us what we shall do unto the child that shall be born…. In the Liturgy it is said, “One is Holy, One is Lord, Jesus Christ, to the Glory of God the Father” and in other places that Jesus is the only sinless one. But Mary received no such rebuke, indicating that her question was not an expression of disbelief, but a request for more detail. Dressed as a priest, David danced and leapt in front of the ark (2 Sam. * Mary’s questioning response is a denial of sexual relations and is used by Luke to lead to the angel’s declaration about the Spirit’s role in the conception of this child . Both terms denote the power or animating spirit of God. 304-08). Although verse 46 comes first, it is in the present tense, whereas verse 47 is in the past tense. ", Luke’s first chapter includes two announcements by the angel Gabriel, one to Zacharias and the other to Mary. The churches regard the angel’s announcement to Mary, recorded in the first chapter of Luke, as one of the two pillars of the virgin birth doctrine. (26-27) … For today’s reader, the best way to understand the angel’s reply is to compare each part of the reply with similar situations or words used elsewhere in the Bible. You are one up on me. Luke 1:46-50 (Excerpt From Mary's Song) And Mary said: "My soul glorifies the Lord and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior, for he has been mindful of the humble state of his servant. On these 22 occasions, ginosko (to know)  never refers to sexual intercourse. Young’s Concordance shows the Greek word used in Mary’s question is ginosko – to know. Mary knew that Joseph, to whom she was betrothed, could not father such a child because he was a descendent of Jeconiah, a line forever barred from sitting upon the throne of David. We honor her because of her faith, and her obedience to Christ. How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?Mary's question indicates surprise, not disbelief. In Colossians 10-14 speaks of those friends who are with him. Some Bibles translate Mary’s question literally. (Luke 1:24, 36, and 1:31, 2:21), The angel Gabriel told Mary she would have a child who would be given the throne of David. How, then, can this be?” ii, Mary said to the angel, ‘But how can this come about, since I am a virgin?’ iii, But Mary said to the angel: “How is this to be, since I am having no intercourse with a man?” iv, Mary said to the angel, “But how? One of the most amazing stories Luke wrote about was the birth of the Savior. In this section, six academic experts explain what we know about the life and times of Mary, the mother of Jesus. Then said Mary to the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? “What does this have to do with Mary being without sin?” From now on all generations will call me blessed, for the Mighty One has done great things for me— holy is his name. The role of Mary in the Catholic Church can best be demonstrated by a prayer we say in mass, the Confidiator: “I confess to almighty God, and to you, my brothers and sisters, that I have sinned through my own fault, in my thoughts and in my words, in what I have done, and in what I have failed to do; and I ask blessed Mary, ever virgin, all the angels and saints, and you, my brothers … Luke 1:30-33. She said to them, “They have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid him.” Luke 1:46-55 ESV / 11 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful And Mary said, “My soul magnifies the Lord, and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior, for he has looked on the humble estate of his servant. Understand the meaning of Luke 1:34 using all available Bible versions and commentary. Joseph and Mary marveled at what Simeon had said. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the. But, although of the House of David, Joseph’s line could never ascend the Davidic throne. We honor her because of her faith, and her obedience to Christ. Luke records the material in the infancy narrative in a way that implies Mary was the source of much or all of it (Luke 2:19, 51; more here). The Hebrew and Greek words for spirit, as used in these terms, are ruach and pneuma respectively. Especially an 'angel ' ; by implication, a pastor God 's will in this short Mary Bible study all! The gospel writer Luke also reported Mary ’ s question is ginosko – to.! Suggests he was punished mortal man, not a man? Mary 's indicates! Her spirit rejoiced in God my Savior ” of Mary, the disciples, Herod the great, and. 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